2 Chronicles 31:1 Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin, in Ephraim also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all. Then all the children of Israel returned, every man to his possession, into their own cities.
2 Chronicles 31:2 And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings and for peace offerings, to minister, and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 31:3 He appointed also the king’s portion of his substance for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings, and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts, as it is written in the law of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 31:4 Moreover he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites, that they might be encouraged in the law of the LORD.
2 Chronicles 31:5 And as soon as the commandment came abroad, the children of Israel brought in abundance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey, and of all the increase of the field; and the tithe of all things brought they in abundantly.
2 Chronicles 31:6 And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe of holy things which were consecrated unto the LORD their God, and laid them by heaps.
2 Chronicles 31:7 In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps, and finished them in the seventh month.
2 Chronicles 31:8 And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps, they blessed the LORD, and his people Israel.
2 Chronicles 31:9 Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps.
2 Chronicles 31:10 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said, Since the people began to bring the offerings into the house of the LORD, we have had enough to eat, and have left plenty: for the LORD hath blessed his people; and that which is left is this great store.
2 Chronicles 31:11 Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the LORD; and they prepared them,
2 Chronicles 31:12 And brought in the offerings and the tithes and the dedicated things faithfully: over which Cononiah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei his brother was the next.
2 Chronicles 31:13 And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother, at the commandment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of the house of God.
2 Chronicles 31:14 And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter toward the east, was over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the oblations of the LORD, and the most holy things.
2 Chronicles 31:15 And next him were Eden, and Miniamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah, in the cities of the priests, in their set office, to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small:

Recently, I was in a discussion with a monetary tithe requirement teacher who informed me that the above passage proved that money was a titheable item in Israel. He said the phrase, “tithe of all things” proves that everything in the land of Israel was titheable.

The more I reflected on the claim, the more it caused me to want to delve into both the Word of God and History to find out if there is any truth in the young man’s claim that “tithe of all things” proves more than agricultural produce and livestock was tithed.
First, I went to the Biblical text. (that alone should be enough for one who believes in Sola Scriptura; Scripture alone is all that one needs for all matters of faith and practice) In my studying, I had to look at the obvious text found in Leviticus 27:30-34 & Numbers 18:21,24,26,28

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.
Leviticus 27:31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.
Leviticus 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
Leviticus 27:33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.
Leviticus 27:34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

Numbers 18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.
Numbers 18:24 But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance.
Numbers 18:26 Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.
Numbers 18:28 Thus ye also shall offer an heave offering unto the LORD of all your tithes, which ye receive of the children of Israel; and ye shall give thereof the LORD’S heave offering to Aaron the priest.

Now, to me, it doesn’t get any clearer as to what God commanded the Israelites to tithe. The text clearly says that the tithes were agricultural; i.e., crops and livestock. The children of Israel had an option to buy back the crops tithe if they so desired for the assessed value of the tithe plus an additional 20% interest. If the crops tithe was worth 100 shekels of silver, the farmer had the option of buying it back for 120 shekels of silver. The animal tithe could not be bought back. If a farmer attempted to exchange the tenth animal to pass under the rod for one that looked plumper or healthier, then both animals were to be given to the Levite. The farmer forfeited both animals in such a case.

Saints, it doesn’t get any plainer than that. God said “all the tithes of the land,” and then proceeded to explain just what He meant by the word “all”. “All” was not inclusive of furniture, clothing, silver, gold, dinnerware and such like. “All” was solely agricultural produce and livestock.

Of course, some will not be persuaded of the truth of Leviticus 27 and Numbers 18, but will stubbornly hold to the idea that “tithe of all things” in 2 Chronicles is referring to more than agricultural products. And because of such stubbornness, we must examine historical writings.
In “Contra Ap.” i.22, Flavius Josephus quotes Hecateaus as saying that the Temple area was enclosed by a wall a plethra, or 500 Greek cubits in length and 100 Greek cubits in breadth; i.e., 485 ½ x 145 ½ English feet.

Given the dimensions of the wall of the Temple (70,640.25 sq. ft.) it is safe to conclude that “tithe of all things” in 2 Chronicles 31 cannot possibly have meant any more than the agricultural tithe that the Law commanded.

According to Nehemiah 10:37, the tithes that went into the Temple were those tithes brought by the Levites; e.g., a tithe of the tithe. Just 1% of all Israel’s produce was to go to the Temple storehouse chambers.

Had it been even 1% of all produce and products of Israel, as suggested by the aforementioned young man, there would not have been room in the Temple for any ministerial work to be accomplished at all. The outer area was 70,640.25 square feet, but we must realize that tithes were not taken to the outer courts… they were taken into the House of God and into the chambers. So the actual storage capacity for the tithes of Israel was far less than 70, 640.25 feet.

Just suppose that the young man was correct, that “tithe of all things” did mean furniture, dinnerware, clothing, food, silver, gold, etc.. Can you imagine the vast amounts of tithes that the chambers would have had to hold and the room needed for just 1% of Israel’s belongings? How much could fit in those chambers?

Certainly far, far less than 1% of all products and produce in Israel.

It is clear that when the author of 2 Chronicles wrote “tithe of all things,” he was not referring to products and produce. There would have been no room for the holy things of the Temple; i.e., the lavers, candlesticks, Ark of the Covenant, etc.. No, he was speaking of produce alone… the produce of the gardens and orchards just as the Law commanded.

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