Many teachers of the monetary tithe requirement doctrine will use 1 Corinthians 9:13-14 in an attempt to prove that the pastors of our modern church assemblies are to be paid tithes by the saints in the congregation.  Their argument is that just as the Levites who worked in the House of God were authorized by God to take tithes, the pastors in the House of God are also authorized to take tithes.

But is that really what Paul was saying?

Who are “they which preach the gospel”? In order to learn just who the Apostle Paul was speaking of in his first epistle to the saints and faithful brethren at Corinth, we need to search the New Testament texts for any verses on the preaching of the Gospel.
Following is a list of several verses where we see the preaching of the Gospel…
Jesus “went about all Galilee…preaching the gospel” (Matthew 4:23)
Jesus “went about all the cities and villages…preaching the gospel” (Matthew 9:35)
Jesus declared that “the poor have the gospel preached to them” (Matthew 11:5)
Jesus said that the “gospel…shall be preached in all the world” (Matthew 24:14)
Jesus said that the “gospel…shall be preached in the whole world” (Matthew 26:13)
Jesus “came into Galilee, preaching the gospel” (Mark 1:14) ñ Jesus said “the gospel must first be published among all nations” (Mark 13:10)
Jesus said that the “gospel shall be preached throughout the whole world” (Mark 14:9)
Jesus told His disciples to “go…into all the world and preach the gospel” (Mark 16:15)
Jesus said that He would “preach the gospel to the poor” (Luke 4:18)
Jesus declared that “to the poor the gospel is preached” (Luke 7:22)
The disciples of Jesus “departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel” (Luke 9:6)
Jesus “preached the gospel” to the Jews in the temple (Luke 20:1)
The apostles “preached the gospel in many villages of the Samaritans” (Acts 8:25)

Paul and Barnabus “preached the gospel” in Lystra and Derbe (Acts 14:6-7)
Paul and Barnabus “preached the gospel to that city [Derbe]” (Acts 14:20-21)
Peter declared that “the Gentiles… should hear the word of the gospel” (Acts 15:7)
Paul relayed that God had called him to “go into Macedonia…to preach the gospel unto them” (Acts 16:10)
Paul said that he had “gone preaching the kingdom of God” (Acts 20:25)
Paul said that he was “an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God” (Romans 1:1)
Paul spoke of serving “in the gospel of his Son” and hoping for “a prosperous journey” (Romans 1:9-10)
Paul said that he was “ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome” (Romans 1:15)
Paul asked “how shall [preachers] preach, except they be sent?”
Paul said that he was “to the Gentiles, ministering the gospel of God” (Romans 15:16)
Paul declared that “from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum, [he had] fully preached the gospel of Christ” (Romans 15:19)
Paul said that he “strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest [he] should build upon another man’s foundation” (Romans 15:20)
Paul said that Christ “sent [him]…to preach the gospel” (1 Corinthians 1:17)
Paul said that he “came to Troas to preach Christ’s gospel” (2 Corinthians 2:12)
Paul said that Titus “whose praise is in the gospel” was “chosen of the churches to travel with [him]” (2 Corinthians 8:18-19)
Paul said that he was “come as far as to [the Corinthians] also in preaching the gospel of Christ” (2 Corinthians 10:14)
Paul hoped “To preach the gospel in the regions beyond” the Corinthians (2 Corinthians 10:16)
Paul warned about someone “that cometh [who] preacheth another Jesus” (2 Corinthians 11:4)
Paul recalled that he “went up by revelation, and communicated unto [Jerusalem] that gospel which [he preached] among the Gentiles” (Galatians 2:2)
Paul said that he “preached the gospel unto [the Galatians]” (Galatians 4:13)
Paul told the Ephesians to have their “feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace” (Ephesians 6:15)
Paul said that he was to “open [his] mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel, for which [he was] an ambassador” (Ephesians 6:19-20)
Paul said that Timothy “hath served with [him] in the gospel” (Philippians 2:22)
Paul declared that “in the beginning of the gospel [he] departed from Macedonia” (Philippians 4:15)
Paul reminded the Colossians of “the truth of the gospel which is come unto [them]” (Colossians 1:5-6)
Paul encouraged the Colossians of “the hope of the gospel… which was preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof [Paul was] made a minister” (Colossians 1:23)
Paul told the Thessalonians that the “gospel came…unto [them] in power, and in the Holy Ghost” (1 Thessalonians 1:5)
Paul said that the Thessalonians “sounded out the word of the Lord…in Macedonia and Achaia” and that their faith “is spread abroad” (1 Thessalonians 1:8)
Paul reminded the Thessalonians of his “entrance unto” them “to speak unto [them] the gospel of God” (1 Thessalonians 2:1-2)
Paul said that Timothy, who had traveled with him, was “a fellow laborer in the gospel of Christ” (1 Thessalonians 3:2)
The writer of the epistle to the Hebrews declared that “unto us was the gospel preached” (Hebrews 4:2)
Peter reminded the Jewish believers in his epistle about the apostles “that have preached the gospel unto [them]” (1 Peter 1:12)
John in his vision of the Revelation saw an angel have “the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people” (Revelation 14:6)

Does anyone see a pattern in all of these verse references?

After examining the nearly fifty verses dealing with those who preach the Gospel, it is evident that during the first century, the preaching of the Gospel was practiced in an atmosphere apart from and unafiliated with the local assembled Body of Believers.
The preaching of the Gospel was to the lost, not to the saved! The lost, (out in the world) hear the Gospel, believe it and trust Christ. In trusting Christ, they are saved and added to the Church. (the Body of Christ)

Therefore, 1 Corinthians 9:13-14 do not support the theory that pastors are authorized to take tithes of their congregations.  It is dealing with support for the Apostles, traveling ministers of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.