Silver, Current Money with the Merchant
by Ronald W Robey
 
Many, in their zeal to defend their monetary tithe teaching pastors, will be quick to state that “They didn’t have money in ancient Israel, so they tithed crops and livestock.”
 
But is that true? Were the ancient Israelites as destitute as so many want to portray them as being?
 
A careful study of the word of God will reveal to the reader that silver was the means of buying and selling from the time of Abraham and forward.
In Genesis 23, Abraham purchases the cave at Mach-Pelah from Ephron for 400 shekels of silver. Verse 16 of this chapter tells us that silver is the “current money of the merchant”.
In Genesis 37, Joseph is sold into slavery for twenty pieces of silver.
In Genesis 43, Joseph’s brethren took “double money” to Egypt to buy food. The word “money” in this chapter is translated from the Hebrew “keceph”. Keceph is defined as “silver.”
 
In Exodus 21, if a man’s ox injured another man’s slave, the owner of the ox was to pay the owner of the slave in silver.
In Exodus 30, every male between the age of 20 and 60 is required to pay an atonement offering of a half-shekel of silver annually,… whether they are rich or poor.
 
In Leviticus 27, many things dedicated to God can be redeemed (bought back) with silver. Even a portion of one’s crops tithe could be redeemed.
In Deuteronomy 14. the Feast tithe could be sold if it was too heavy, or if there was a chance of it spoiling before the Israelite reached the place of festivities. Upon reaching the place of festivities, the Israelites was to buy food as the Feast tithe and eat it with his family.
In Judges 9. Abimelech paid people silver to follow him.
In Judges 17, graven image purchased with 200 shekels of silver
In Jeremiah 32, The weeping prophet purchased land from his uncle Hanameel with 17 pieces of silver.
In Matthew 14, ointment might have been sold for three hundred pence. (denarius)
 
In Matthew 17, a coin taken from the mouth of a fish is not used to tithe, but to pay a Roman Tax.
 
In Luke 22, Jesus tells His Apostles to sell a garment and use the money… not to tithe… but to buy a sword.
In Matthew 20, parable speaks of workers agreeing to work for a penny.
Abram’s tithe to Melchizedek was of war spoils, not of his monetary income.
Israel’s tithe was of agricultural increase, not of their monetary income.
 
Israel’s monetary system, as proven by numerous verses referenced above, was silver and not agricultural increase.
 
There is nothing in the word of God that indicates anyone being required to tithe their monetary income to either Tabernacle, Temple, Synagogue or Church.
 
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