Examining Leviticus 27:30-34
by Ronald W Robey

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.

32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.

33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

a) What does the word “tithe” in verse 30 mean?
The tenth part

b) What does the phrase “all the tithe of the land” in verse 30 mean?
The entire tithe

c) What did God mean by the word “land” in verse 30?
The word “land” in Leviticus 27:30 is in reference to the land of Canaan. (see Deuteronomy 12:1,10-11)

d) What did God mean by the phrase “seed of the land” in verse 30?
Grain and grain by-products

e) What did God mean by the phrase “fruit of the tree” in verse 30?
Fruit and fruit by-products

f) Did God say money is to be tithed?
No

g) Who did God say the tithe belongs to?
The tithe belongs to God

h) What does the word “holy” in verse 30 mean?
The word “holy” means “set apart”.

i) Why is the tithe considered “holy” in verse 30?
The tithe is “holy” because Jacob vowed to give a tenth of the land back to God. (see Genesis 28:12-15; 20-22)

j) What does the word “redeem” in verse 31 mean?
The word “redeem” means “buy back”.

k) How much of a mans tithe could be redeemed?
Any portion of it that he wished to redeem.

l) Could a man hold back any part of his crops tithe and give money instead?
No. He had to first give it. One cannot buy back something that he has not first given away.

m) What does the term “add thereto the fifth part thereof” in verse 31 mean?
Twenty percent above the assessed value of the portion.

n) What does the word “tithe” mean in verse 32?
The word “tithe” in verse 32 means “tenth”.

o) What types of animals were to be tithed in verse 32?
Any animal that was part of a flock or herd.

p) How was the tithe of animals determined?
The yearlings from the flocks and herds were made to walk under a counting rod, and the tenth animal to pass under the rod was to be the tithe.

q) Could the animal tithe be redeemed?
No

r) Could a man exchange one animal for another and give that as tithe instead?
He was forbidden to exchange the animal that was to be tithed for another.

s) If a man exchanged one animal for another, what was the penalty required of him?
Both animals were to be given to God.

t) Who was required to observe the tithe ordinance?
The children of Israel.

u) Why were the children of Israel required to observe the tithe ordinance?
Because a tenth of the land the tithe was to come from was promised to God by the Patriarch Jacob.

May God grant wisdom and understanding to all who are hungry to learn.