Tithing: The Ordinance and its Commands
by Ronald W Robey
(written August 09, 2018)

Moral, Ceremonial, and Civil Ordinances comprise the entirety of the Mosaic Law.

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.
Leviticus 27:31 And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.
Leviticus 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.
Leviticus 27:33 He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

In Leviticus 27:30-33 God established the Ordinance of Tithing. We know it is an Ordinance because the prophet Malachi identifies it as an Ordinance.

Malachi 3:7 Even from the days of your fathers ye are gone away from mine ordinances, and have not kept them. Return unto me, and I will return unto you, saith the LORD of hosts. But ye said, Wherein shall we return?
Malachi 3:8 Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
Malachi 3:9 Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.
Malachi 3:10 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.

The Ordinance of tithing names agricultural crops, flocks, and herds as the elements of Gods’ holy tithe. (see Leviticus 27:30-33 above)

Within the Ordinances there are written commands. This is clearly revealed by the apostle Paul…

Ephesians 2:14 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition between us;
Ephesians 2:15 Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

Commandments found in the tithe Ordinance are as follows:

1. Tithing is not to be observed until crossing the Jordan, entering the land of Canaan to live there as a citizen of that land, and freedom from all war. Deuteronomy 12:10-11 *

2. A tithe is to be taken to Jerusalem yearly and eaten there by the one transporting the tithe along with all members of his household. Deuteronomy 14:22-26; 2 Chronicles 6:5-6

3. The tithes observed by the children of Israel/aka congregation are not to be taken to the House of God. Numbers 18:21-23; Nehemiah 10:37-38 **

4. Every third year a tithe is to be given to Levites in the farming communities scattered throughout the land of Canaan. Numbers 18:21-26; Deuteronomy 14:27; 26:12; Nehemiah 10:37-38 **

5. The Levite is to take a tithe of the tithe he receives to the House of God in Jerusalem. Numbers 18:26-28; Nehemiah 10:37-38 **

6. Every third year a tithe is to be given to the widows, orphans and foreigners living in the land of Canaan. Deuteronomy 14:28-29; 26:12

These are the commands written in the tithe Ordinance.

* 2 Chronicles 6:5-6 identifies Jerusalem as the place God chose to place His name

** It is only the Levitic tribe in Israel who are required to tithe to the House of God. The congregation gave their tithe to the Levites in the farming communities.