December 2019


Seek God for Direction

by Ronald W Robey
(written December 31, 2019)

For several years now, I have been told that I should “seek direction from God as to whether He wants you to tithe or not.” My response to that advice is as follows

i) In the “Book of Genesis,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

ii) In the “Book of Exodus,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

iii) In the “Book of Leviticus,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

iv) In the “Book of Numbers,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

v) In the “Book of Deuteronomy,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

vi) In the “Book of Joshua,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

vii) In the “Book of Judges,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

viii) In the “Book of Ruth,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

ix) In the “First Book of Samuel,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

x) In the “Second Book of Samuel,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xi) In the “First Book of the Kings,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xii) In the “Second Book of the Kings,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xiii) In the “First Book of Chronicles,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xiv) In the “Second Book of Chronicles,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xv) In the “Book of Ezra,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xvi) In the “Book of Nehemiah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xvii) In the “Book of Esther,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xviii) In the “Book of Job,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xix) In the “Book of Psalms,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xx) In the “Book of Proverbs,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxi) In the “Book of Ecclesiastes,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxii) In the “Song of Solomon,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxiii) In the “Book of Isaiah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxiv) In the “Book of Jeremiah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxv) In the “Book of Lamentations,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxvi) In the “Book of Ezekiel,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxvii) In the “Book of Daniel,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxviii) In the “Book of Hosea,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxix) In the “Book of Joel,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxx) In the “Book of Amos,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxi) In the “Book of Obadiah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxii) In the “Book of Jonah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxiii) In the “Book of Micah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxiv) In the “Book of Nahum,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxv) In the “Book of Habakkuk,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxvi) In the “Book of Zephaniah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxvii) In the “Book of Haggai,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxviii) In the “Book of Zechariah,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xxxix) In the “Book of Malachi,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xl) In the “Gospel According to Saint Matthew,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xli) In the “Gospel According to Saint Mark,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlii) In the “Gospel According to Saint Luke,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xliii) In the “Gospel According to Saint John,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xliv) In Luke’s “Acts of the Apostles,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlv) In Paul’s “Epistle to the Romans,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlvi) In Paul’s “First Epistle to the Corinthians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlvii) In Paul’s “Second Epistle to the Corinthians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlviii) In Paul’s “Epistle to the Galatians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

xlix) In Paul’s “Epistle to the Ephesians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

l) In Paul’s “Epistle to the Philippians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

li) In Paul’s “Epistle to the Colossians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lii) In Paul’s “First Epistle to the Thessalonians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

liii) In Paul’s “Second Epistle to the Thessalonians,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

liv) In Paul’s “First Epistle to Timothy,”there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lv) In Paul’s “Second Epistle to Timothy,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lvi) In Paul’s “Epistle to Titus,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lvii) In Paul’s “Epistle to Philemon,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lviii) In the “Epistle to the Hebrews,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lix) In the “Epistle of James,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lx) In the “First Epistle of Peter,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxi) In the “Second Epistle of Peter,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxii) In the “First Epistle of John,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxiii) In the “Second Epistle of John,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxiv) In the “Third Epislte of John,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxv) In the “Epistle of Jude,” there is no reference to a monetary tithe requirement. Nor is there any allusion to a necessity to tithe one’s money.

lxvi) In the prophetic “Book of Revelation,” there is no reference to anyone being either rewarded, or punished, for either obeying or disobeying a monetary tithe requirement.

Not once, in the entire Bible do we read that it is necessary for the saved in Christ Jesus to give ten percent of their money to God or to the church they attend.  Leviticus 27:30,32 reveals that God’s commanded tithe was to be agricultural crops, flocks, and herds.  Deuteronomy 12:10-11 reveal that God’s commanded tithe is not to be observed until crossing the river Jordan and entering the land of Canaan to live there as a citizen of that land. 

Therefore, we know that God never intended people all over the world to tithe. Only those people living in the land of Canaan were required by God to tithe.


Seek direction from God as to whether He wants you to tithe or not?  I did.  He doesn’t.

They Took Their Tithe to Jerusalem
by Ronald W Robey
(written December 29, 2019)

The more I read the word of God, the more light God shines through it. As I was reading Deuteronomy 12:10-11 this morning, I realized something that so many people overlook today, and I myself had overlooked.

The children of Israel were to travel to Jerusalem with their tithe.

Deuteronomy 12:1 These are the statutes and judgments, which ye shall observe to do in the land, which the LORD God of thy fathers giveth thee to possess it, all the days that ye live upon the earth.

Deuteronomy 12:10 But when ye go over Jordan, and dwell in the land which the LORD your God giveth you to inherit, and when he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety;
Deuteronomy 12:11 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD:

2 Chronicles 6:5 Since the day that I brought forth my people out of the land of Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that my name might be there; neither chose I any man to be a ruler over my people Israel:
2 Chronicles 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that my name might be there; and have chosen David to be over my people Israel.

God chose the city of Jerusalem for the children of Israel to take their tithe.

Yes, I know..I’ve shared these passages before. However, I had previously used Nehemiah 10:37-38 to say that the congregation aka the children of Israel were to keep the tithe in the farming communities scattered throughout Canaan for the Levites to collect there.

I was wrong.

If they kept the tithe in the farming communities, they would have transgressed the command that they were to take the tithe to Jerusalem. So, they did not keep the Levitc tithe in their cities for the Levite to collect there…they took it to Jerusaelm.

Now, Nehemiah 10:37-38 makes it clear that they did not take the tithe to the House of God, when it says,

Nehemiah 10:37 And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
Nehemiah 10:38 And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house.

It would be impossible for the Levites to take the tithe of the tithe up to the House of God if the tithe was already at the House of God. So, the tithe that was to go to the Levite went to Jerusalem, but did not go to the House of God.

There must have been a meeting place in Jerusalem other than the House of God, where the Levite collected the tithe and took a tithe of the tithe to the House of God.

Now, beside the tithe that was to go to the Levite each year, there was a second tithe that the children of Israel were to take to Jerusalem and eat before the LORD.

Deuteronomy 14:22 Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.
Deuteronomy 14:23 And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always.
Deuteronomy 14:24 And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:
Deuteronomy 14:25 Then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose:
Deuteronomy 14:26 And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,

Then, every third year, instead of eating a tithe before the Lord in Jerusalem, they were to keep that tithe in their cities to give to the Levite, to the widow, to the fatherless, and to the stranger living in their cities.

Deuteronomy 26:12 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;

They were still obligated to give the Levite his tithe even though the Levite shared a tithe every third year.

Numbers 18:21 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.

No Wonder
by Ronald W Robey
(written December 29, 2019)

Does the Bible mean anything to the church anymore?

a) The Bible says God’s tithe is to be agriculture.
The church says God’s tithe is to be money.

b) The Bible says the tithe ordinance was given to the children of Israel.
The church says the tithe ordinance is given to the church.

c) The Bible says the tithe is not to be observed until living in the land of Canaan.
The church says the tithe is to be observed around the world.

d) The Bible says the tithe is to be taken to Jerusalem.
The church says the tithe is to be given in your local town that is not Jerusalem.

e) The Bible says the tithe is to be given to the Levitic tribe in Canaan.
The church says the tithe is to be given to the church.

f) The Bible says to eat a tithe in Jerusalem.
The church says do not eat the tithe.

g) The Bible says to give tithes to Levites, widows, fatherless, and strangers every third year.
The church says the tithe belongs in your local church.

h) The Bible says the year of tithing is every third year in a seven year cycle.
The church says you are to tithe every time you get paid from your work or you receive a government check.

i) The Bible says that the storehouse was a three-tiered structure attached to the Temple in Jerusalem.
The church says that the church is the storehouse.

j) The Bible says Malachi was telling the Priests of Israel to return stolen tithes to the Temple in Jerusalem.
The church says that Malachi is telling church members to bring tithes to the local church.

With all the lies and contradictions being taught and embraced in church assemblies around the world, it is no wonder Jesus uttered this words in Matthew 7:21-23…

Matthew 7:21 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven.
Matthew 7:22 Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works?
Matthew 7:23 And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

When it comes to the topic of tithing, the church has departed from God and is teaching a doctrine that is totally foreign to the pages of God’s word. For this reason, the worship in the church…is vain.

Matthew 15:8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.
Matthew 15:9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.

Educate, Convince, Convict, and Correct
written by Ronald W Robey
(written December 26, 2019)

All Scripture is profitable for doctrine, (teaching and learning) for reproof, (convincing and convicting) for correction, (adjusting wrong behavior or beliefs) for instruction (training) in righteousness. (2 Timothy 3:16)

How can one be allowing Scripture to correct him, when he insists God’s tithe is to come from his employment wages/government benefits/household monetary income, yet the Scriptures say that God’s tithe is to come from agricultural increase? How can one be allowing Scripture to correct him, when he insists God’s tithe can be observed in a land outside of Canaan, yet the Scriptures say that tithes are to be taken to Jerusalem in the land of Canaan? Doesn’t sound like Scripture is being allowed to convince, convict, and correct at all.

We are to both learn, and teach, from the Old Testament. However, to teach the Old Testament correctly, one must teach that Scripture says

1) God’s tithe is to be agricultural…

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

Leviticus 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.

To teach that God’s tithe is to be money is teaching neither Old nor New Testament. For such a doctrine is totally foreign to the pages of both Testaments and actually contradicts both Testaaments.

2) The children of Israel were required to tithe and no other nation…

Leviticus 27:34 These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

Psalm 147:19 He sheweth his word unto Jacob, his statutes and his judgments unto Israel.
Psalm 147:20 He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for his judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye the LORD.

To teach that God’s tithe is to be observed by people other than those living in Canaan is teaching neither Old nor New Testament. For such a doctrine is totally foreign to the pages of both Testaments and actually contradicts both Testaaments.

3) Tithing is not to be observed until entering Canaan to live there and finding rest from enemies…

Deuteronomy 12:10 But when ye go over Jordan, and dwell in the land which the LORD your God giveth you to inherit, and when he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety;
Deuteronomy 12:11 Then there shall be a place which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; thither shall ye bring all that I command you; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, your tithes, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD:

To teach that God’s tithe is to be observed outside of the land of Canaan is teaching neither Old nor New Testament. For such a doctrine is totally foreign to the pages of both Testaments and actually contradicts both Testaaments.

One should not argue that God’s tithe is to be obeyed, and then tithe money. God doesn’t recognize that as obedience to His tithe command at all. One should not argue that God’s tithe is to be obeyed, and then tithe outside of Canaan. God doesn’t recognize that as obedience to His tithe command at all.

James 2:10 For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.

Prophetic Revelation? or Deceit?
by Ronald W Robey

There are many today who profess to be of the Body of Christ who say that I should open to ” prophetic revelation” from God concerning how we, as Christians should live. Their argument is that we cannot live by the Bible, for, “the letter killeth.” To this, I say, “Hogwash!”

They base their argument on a statement that the apostle Paul made in his second epistle to the church at Corinth in which Paul was speaking of being an able minister of the New Testament. Their argument is taken out of context. The New Testament in no way advocates the rejection of the truths contained in the Bible for “prophetic revelation.”

Any “revelation” that contradicts what is written in the Bible is not revelation at all…it is deceit.

The Bible says that God’s word is for ever settled in Heaven. True “prophetic revelations” will never contradict what God has already spoken in His word.

Further, Jesus Christ Himself said that man shall live by EVERY WORD that proceeds from the mouth of God. (Matthew 4:4) “Every word” includes both those spoken from Heaven today, (should God speak from Heaven today) and those given us in the Bible. This is how we know that God will never contradict what He has spoken in the Bible.

Further, the apostle Paul, in his first epistle to the young evangelist Timothy, wrote that “All Scripture is given by inspiration of God and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness.” If what is written in Scripture is no longer valid, then the Scripture is not profitable for any of those things that the apostle Paul told the young evangelist Timothy they are profitable for.

I reject any alleged “prophetic revelation” that contradicts what God has said in the Bible, as “prophetic revelation” that contradicts what God has spoken in the Bible is the same to me as if the serpent is saying, “Yea, hath God said…?”

The Coin That Was Not Tithed
by Ronald W Robey
(written December 24, 2019)

Matthew 22:21 They say unto him, Caesar’s. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.

Many people today quote the words of Jesus, “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s.” They then make an off-the-wall claim that “See…Jesus said to give God ten percent of your money, and give the government the remaining ninety percent.”

Jesus said no such thing. Jesus was not speaking of tithing money in Matthew 22:17-21. This is easily proven by reading Matthew 17:24-27.

Matthew 17:24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute?
Matthew 17:25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers?
Matthew 17:26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children free.
Matthew 17:27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.

If Jesus meant that ten percent of your money belongs to God in Matthew 22:17-21, why did He not give ten percent of the coin in Matthew 17:24-27 to God? Why did He give the entire coin to Roman Tax Collectors instead? Did Jesus have a ‘lapse of memory’ in Matthew 17:24-27, but suddenly remembered that money is to be tithed in Matthew 22:17-21?

Of course not! Jesus did not tithe the money in Matthew 17:24-27 because He knew that His Father in Heaven did not require tithes of money. God said tithes were to be agricultural crops, flocks, and herds.

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

Leviticus 27:32 And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.

In Matthew 17:24-27, Jesus gave the coin to the Roman Tax Collectors because the coin rightly belonged to the Roman government…it has the image and superscription of Caesar on it…just like the coin in Matthew 22:17-21 did.

Coins minted with the image of government rulers on them belong to the government. Man was created in God’s image, and should yield himself to God for God’s service.

Genesis 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

No Longer Truth
by Ronald W Robey
(written December 15, 2019)

You would be appalled if I told you to

a) reject what is written in your Bible

and that

b) the Bible is no longer God’s truth

Relax…I would never tell anyone to reject what is written in the Bible. Nor would I tell them that what is written in the Bible is no longer truth. But, what if I told you that someone else has already convinced you to believe that you are to reject what is written in your Bible and that the Bible is no longer truth…

…and that you don’t even realize that you have been bewitched into believing those things?.

For instance,

a) God’s word says that His tithe is to be agricultural crops, flocks, and herds. (Leviticus 27:30,32) But many pastors have conditioned their congregations to believe that God’s tithe is a tenth of their money.

If your pastor teaches you that God’s tithe is to be a tenth of your money, your pastor is inadvertently telling you to reject God’s word, because God’s word is no longer truth.

b) God’s word says that the only people God commanded to tithe were the children of Israel. But many pastors have conditioned their congregations to believe that God commands them to tithe.

If your pastor teaches you that God commands you to tithe, your pastor is inadvertently telling you to reject God’s word, because God’s word is no longer truth.

c) God’s word says that the congregation is not to tithe to the House of God. (Numbers 18:21-22; Nehemiah 10:29,37-38) But many pastors have conditioned their congregations to believe that they are to tithe to the House of God.

If your pastor teaches you that the congregation is to “Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse,” your pastor is inadvertently telling you to reject God’s word, because God’s word is no longer truth.

d) God’s word says that the place to take tithes is Jerusalem. (Deuteronomy 12:10-11; 2 Chronicles 6:5-6) But many pastors have conditioned their congregations to believe that tithes are to be be brought to their local church that is not in Jerusalem.

If your pastor teaches that tithes are to be brought to your loccal church, your pastor is inadvertently telling you to reject God’s word, because God’s word is no longer truth.

Now, compare what your pastor has told you concerning God’s comanded tithes with the Scripture references I posted in “a-d” above. If you reject what the Scriptures clearly say, but embrace what your pastors have taught you…

…you have successfully been conditioned by your pastor to believe that the Bible is no longer truth and is to be rejected..

Amos 3:3 asks the question, “Can two walk together, except they be agreed?” I have to ask, are you walking with God? or are you walking with your pastor?

Jeremiah 17:5 Thus saith the LORD; Cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD.

TITHING TODAY

A NINETEENTH-CENTURY BLUNDER

AN IN-DEPTH ANALYSIS BY A FORMER ACCOUNTANT AND INCOME TAX AUDITOR REVEALS A FALSE PREMISE THAT LED TO A FALSE CONCLUSION.

by

Gary J. Arnold

COPYRIGHT © 2009 BY GARY J. ARNOLD.  ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Third Edition – September 2009

Scripture quotations taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. NIV®.

Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society are used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.

Revised Standard Version of the Bible, copyright ©1952 [2nd edition, 1971] by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America.

Used by permission.  All rights reserved. http://www.TithingToday.com http://www.NewTestamentGiving.com ABOUT THE AUTHOR

GARY J. ARNOLD

Secular Education:B.S. Degree in Accounting – Fresno State College
Christian Certification: Ordained Minister Certified Professional Money and Finance Minister
Work Experience:Cost Accountant – 1 year Tax Auditor for the State of California – 22+ years Tax Preparer – self employed – 2 years Teacher – at a Christian school – one year fill-in
Websites:http://www.TithingToday.com http://www.NewTestamentGiving.com

Having a strong background in accounting and taxation, the first time I heard a pastor tell his congregation they were to tithe on their gross income, I knew something was wrong. Since the term “gross income” is an accounting term, I knew it was unlikely the pastor, himself, even knew the definition. I also knew it was unlikely that many, if any, of the members of that church would know the definition. At the time, it didn’t bother me too much, so I let it go.

Many years later, because of my background in accounting and taxation, I was asked to teach a Sunday School Class in Finances. It was at that time I decided I’d better learn everything about tithing that I could as the topic would have to be discussed in a finance class.

Before beginning my research and study, I prayed for guidance. The more I prayed, the more I understood.  Never before in my life had I felt the Spirit guiding me this way. The Spirit led me to scripture that I never really noticed before, and gave me understanding like never before. Because of my background, I was able to recognize the difference between the words used in the scriptures and those being used by many pastors.

The material in this book is a result of those hundreds of hours of research and study.

INTRODUCTION

This in-depth study of the tithe is for everyone. Whether you believe tithing ended at the cross, or you believe that tithing was brought into the New Testament, this study will add to your understanding of the tithe.  This study also includes a section on the principles of New Testament giving.

There are imperative prerequisites to a serious study of tithing. This study of the tithe includes the prerequisites necessary to fully understand God’s tithe.

I have attempted to organize this book in a logical order so that you will build on your knowledge of the tithe. To get the most out of this book it is imperative that you study the material in the order presented. Some of the material presented may be new to you and may seem irrelevant to the subject. As you progress through the material, the relevancy will become clear.

Please understand that I believe in generous giving, including sacrificial giving. I believe it is the responsibility of those attending church to support the church both financially and in service.  I believe that proper teaching of New Testament giving and stewardship principles is essential for proper Christian growth.

I take God at His word. I don’t draw conclusions based on what sounds good, what sounds right, or what makes me feel good or bad. I do my best to stick with the Word of God. Only the truth will set us free.

The first part of this book relates to the tithe.  Because there are many laws and ordinances regarding the different tithes, I have used the King James Version of the Holy Bible as the authoritative Bible translation along with the Strong’s concordance with Hebrew and Greek dictionaries.

The second part of this book relates to New Testament giving.  Since there are no New Testament laws relating to our giving, but rather principles of giving, I have chosen the New International Version of the Bible for ease of understanding.

Before we start our studies of the tithe, we need to understand the definition of tithe. Today’s definition is not the same as the biblical definition.

The dictionary defines a word according to its usage at the time the dictionary is published. Over the years, the definition of tithe has changed many times. Below are some actual examples taken from three different dictionaries, all published at different times.

MacMillan’s Modern Dictionary – 1938 edition: Tithe – tenth part, or any small part, of produce, profits, or the like paid as a tax or as a voluntary contribution, esp. for religion or charitable use.

The American Heritage Dictionary, Third Edition – 1994: Tithe – A tenth part of one’s annual income contributed voluntarily or due as a tax, especially for the support of the clergy or church.

Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary – latest edition: Tithe – a tenth part of something paid as a voluntary contribution or as a tax especially for the support of a religious establishment.

As you can see, just during the past 70 years or so the definition has changed from a tenth part of produce or profits, to a tenth part of one’s annual income, to a tenth part of something.

All three definitions include something to do with the support of the church or a religious establishment. But what was the definition of the word tithe when the Kings James Version of the Holy Bible was written?

Title: Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author: Strong, James (1822-1894)

H4643

From H6240; a tenth; especially a tithe:—tenth (part), tithe (-ing).

As you can see from above, the Hebrew definition merely means a tenth, or a tenth part. Nothing else is connected with the definition of tithe in the Book of Genesis. So when we study Abraham’s Tithe, and Jacob’s Vow to Tithe, remember the definition applicable to the time is strictly a tenth, or a tenth part. Period. The word tithe used in Genesis is strictly a mathematical term, not a religious term.

Next I will be discussing two words that don’t appear in the King James Version of the Holy Bible:  income and assets.  An understanding of these two words in paramount to understanding God’s tithe.

Definition of income from Webster’s Dictionary:

in·come, n.

  1. the monetary payment received for goods or services, or from other sources, asrents or investments.
  2. something that comes in as an addition or increase, esp. by chance.
  3. Archaic. a coming in.

Syn. 1. interest, salary, wages, annuity, gain, return, earnings.

Section 61 of Title 26, Subtitle A, Chapter 1, Subchapter B, Part 1 of the Federal Code includes the following in the definition of gross income:

Gross income means all income from whatever source derived, including (but not limited to) the following items:

  • Compensation for services, including fees, commissions, fringe benefits, and similaritems;
  • Gross income derived from business;
  • Gains derived from dealings in property;
  • Interest;
  • Rents;
  • Royalties;(7) Dividends; etc.

Nowadays, most people think of income being money.  However, income can be in the form of services or items of value.  Therefore, even in a barter exchange, the item received is the income.

Now let’s find some examples of income in the scriptures.

Wages for services rendered:

Genesis 31:41 (KJV)

41Thus have I been twenty years in thy house; I served thee fourteen years for thy two daughters, and six years for thy cattle: and thou hast changed my wages ten times.

Exodus 2:9 (KJV)

9And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it.

Jeremiah 22:13 (KJV)

13Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour’s service without wages, and giveth him not for his work; Interest on loans:

Exodus 22:25 (KJV)

25If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

Leviticus 25:36 (KJV)

36Take thou no usury of him, or increase: but fear thy God; that thy brother may live with thee.

Sale or purchase of  property, crops, and animals:

Genesis 23:15-16 (KJV)

15My lord, hearken unto me: the land is worth four hundred shekels of silver; what is that betwixt me and thee? bury therefore thy dead.

16And Abraham hearkened unto Ephron; and Abraham weighed to Ephron the silver, which he had named in the audience of the sons of Heth, four hundred shekels of silver, current money with the merchant.

In Genesis 23:15-16 we see that Abraham purchased land with money.

Deuteronomy 14:24-26 (KJV)

24And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:

25Then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose:

26And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household,

In Deuteronomy 14:25-26 we see that they had a marketing system where they could sell and buy animals and food from crops.

So even though the KJV of the Bible does not use the word “income,” we find several verses that show they did, in fact, have income, and they had money.  Taxes had to be paid with money.

Matthew 17:27 (KJV)

27Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee.

Therefore, I have plainly shown that in biblical times, they had money, income, and markets to buy and sell goods.

Definition of assets from Webster’s Dictionary:

as·set, n.

  1. a useful and desirable thing or quality: Organizational ability is an asset.
  2. a single item of ownership having exchange value.

3. assets,

  1. items of ownership convertible into cash; total resources of a person orbusiness, as cash, notes and accounts receivable, securities, inventories, goodwill, fixtures, machinery, or real estate (opposed to liabilities).
  2. Accounting. the items detailed on a balance sheet, esp. in relation to liabilities and capital.
  3. all property available for the payment of debts, esp. of a bankrupt or insolventfirm or person.
  4. Law. property in the hands of an heir, executor, or administrator, that is sufficient to pay the debts or legacies of a deceased person.

Based on the above definition, we can see that some examples of assets would include cash, securities, inventories, land, buildings, equipment, etc.

Now let’s see if we can classify some items as either assets or income.

Wages of a Carpenter – Are wages income?  Yes, wages are payment or compensation received for services rendered.  If the wages are paid in money, the money then becomes an asset since cash is an asset by definition.

A Rental House – Is the house income?  Definitely not.  The house isn’t a payment or compensation.  Since the house is property, a building, it is classified as an asset.  Rents received from renting the house would be the income.

Trees – Trees do not represent a payment of any kind and just don’t fit the definition of income in any way.  Do trees qualify as assets?  Yes, they are property of a person or business.  The sale or exchange of a tree would create income.

Fruit (from a tree) – Is the fruit from a tree income?  No.  Again, the fruit is not a payment or compensation.  Fruit would be classified as an asset because it is property, and most likely a part of inventory of a business.  The sale or exchange of the fruit would create income.

Cattle – Are the animals income?  No, they are not a payment or compensation.  The animals are property of a person or business, and therefore would be classified as assets.

The sale or exchange of the animals would result in income.

Next, we need to understand the distinction between God’s labor and man’s labor.

Deuteronomy 8:18 (KJV)

18But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is he that giveth thee power to get wealth, that he may establish his covenant which he sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.

And from the New International Version:

Deuteronomy 8:18 (NIV)

18But remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth, and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your forefathers, as it is today.

God gives us the power, or ability, to get or produce wealth.  In other words, God gives us the ability to work and earn a living.  God gives us the ability to work – to labor. When we work, it is our labor doing the work, not God’s labor.  He gave us the ability to do the work ourselves.

It is important in our bible studies to understand the distinction between God’s labor and man’s labor.

Man cannot make the crops.  Man can plant the seed, cultivate the land, water the seed, but man’s labor does not make the fruit on the vines or trees.

Man cannot make olive oil.  God makes the olives from His labor.  Man can press the oil from the olives with man’s labor, but man does not make the olive oil.

Man can build a house from materials that God has given to us from His labor.  Man cannot make a house – he can only take the materials that God has provided and use his labor to put the pieces together.

Now let’s start our study of the tithe.

ABRAHAM’S TITHE

In the Old Testament, Book of Genesis, Chapter 14, we first find the subject of tithing. Many pastors use this text as an example to show that tithing existed as far back as Genesis and that it sets the standard for all time.

The Holy Bible, King James Version

Genesis 14:8-24 (KJV)

8And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim;

9With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five.

10And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

11And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way.

12And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

13And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.

14And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan. 15And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

16And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people.

17And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.

18And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.

19And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:

20And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand.

And he gave him tithes of all.

21And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.

22And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the LORD, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth,

23That I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich:

24Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.

Notice in verse 20 “And he gave him tithes of all.” First we must remember that the definition of tithes in Genesis is a mathematical term, and simply means a tenth. In fact, below I have verse 20 from two later versions of the bible:

Revised Standard Version of the Bible – Genesis 14:20:

20and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand!” And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

The Holy Bible, New International Version – Genesis 14:20:

20And blessed be God Most High, who delivered your enemies into your hand.” Then Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

Next, when the scripture says he gave tithes of all, or a tenth of everything, we have to look at what the scriptures are talking about. In this case, war spoils. We see this stated again in Hebrews 7:4.

Hebrews 7:4 (KJV)

4Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

Notice that the KJV uses the word tenth instead of tithe in Hebrews 7:4.

Abraham gave to King Melchizedek ten percent of the war spoils. Note that he gave the rest to the King of Sodom. Abraham kept nothing for himself.

Abraham did NOT give ten percent of his income, or ten percent of all he owned. He gave ten percent of the war spoils that he, himself, said didn’t belong to him. He gave nothing of his own.

The scripture does not tell us that Abraham was required to tithe, or give a tenth, of the war spoils. Whether a gift or not, Abraham said the goods didn’t belong to him, and he kept nothing for himself.

There is nothing in the scripture to indicate this event has anything to do with the New Testament Church. It was a one-time event. There is no evidence in the scriptures to show that Abraham ever tithed before or after this event. Therefore, I believe it is wrong to use this example to show that tithing had been established before the law and therefore, was brought into the New Testament. Since Abraham gave nothing of his own, it is wrong to pull the concept of the tithe out of context and now apply it to one’s own income or property.

Later in this book I will show you the Hebrew and Greek words that I believe prove that Abraham’s “tithe” was, in fact, a free-will gift.

JACOB’S VOW TO TITHE

The second event in the Bible that many relate to the tithe is Jacob’s vow to give a tenth in Genesis.

Genesis 28:10-22 (KJV)

10And Jacob went out from Beersheba, and went toward Haran.

11And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep.

12And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.

13And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;

14And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.

15And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.

16And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not.

17And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.

18And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it.

19And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first.

20And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,

21So that I come again to my father’s house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God: 22And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God’s house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee.

Jacob promised to give to God a tenth of all his possessions on the condition that God must first bless him, and then bring him back to his father’s house in peace. Jacob set the conditions, not God. Jacob was the grandson of Abraham, and being a man of God, certainly would have known if tithing was required and not set any conditions for God to meet before tithing. There is no indication anywhere in the Bible whether Jacob actually gave this tenth or not, or who he would have given the tenth to, and there is no other example given where Jacob tithed (gave a tenth).

Since God did not require Jacob to give a tenth, this cannot be used to show that tithing was already established and required. This event set conditions that God must meet before Jacob would give a tenth which is not an example for the Christian to follow.

THE LEVITICAL TITHE – BACKGROUND

In order to understand the Levitical tithe, it is necessary to understand the background leading up to the command.

TO THE PROMISED LAND

Genesis 12:1-3 (KJV)

1Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will show thee:

2And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:

3And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.

Genesis 49:1-2 (KJV)

1And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days.

2Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.

Jacob had twelve sons. Their families and descendents were known as the Twelve Tribes of Israel. These are the children of Israel that left Egypt to go to the promised land.

Exodus 12:40-41 (KJV)

40Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

41And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

Leviticus 20:22-24 (KJV)

22Ye shall therefore keep all my statutes, and all my judgments, and do them: that the land, whither I bring you to dwell therein, spue you not out.

23And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation, which I cast out before you: for they committed all these things, and therefore I abhorred them.

24But I have said unto you, Ye shall inherit their land, and I will give it unto you to possess it, a land that floweth with milk and honey: I am the LORD your God, which have separated you from other people.

Numbers 18:21 (KJV)

21And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, even the service of the tabernacle of the congregation.

In other words, the Twelve Tribes of Israel were to get an inheritance when they reached the promised land. Eleven of the Tribes would inherit the land, and the Tribe of Levi would inherit the tithes.

THE LEVITICAL TITHE

In the Book of Leviticus that we find where the church has patterned their teaching of tithing today.

Leviticus 27:30-34 (KJV)

30And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

31And if a man will at all redeem ought of his tithes, he shall add thereto the fifth part thereof.

32And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.

33He shall not search whether it be good or bad, neither shall he change it: and if he change it at all, then both it and the change thereof shall be holy; it shall not be redeemed.

34These are the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

Now let’s take one verse at a time and determine whether the tithe was on income or assets.

30And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

The grain from the soil or fruit from the trees would be classified as assets.  The sale or exchange of these items would result in income.

32And concerning the tithe of the herd, or of the flock, even of whatsoever passeth under the rod, the tenth shall be holy unto the LORD.

The animals tithed are also classified as assets.  The sale or exchange of the animals would result in income.

Therefore, it is plain to see, by definition, not interpretation, God’s command to tithe was on assets, not income.  Notice also that those assets came from God’s labor, not man’s labor.  I have already shown that they had money, income, and markets to buy and sell.

Notice that the tithe was a tenth of the crops, not the first tenth, and that it was on every tenth animal that passed under the shepherd’s rod, not the first.  Nowhere in the scriptures did God ever command tithing to be on the first ten percent.

My research reveals that in the nineteenth century, church leaders were saying that the crops and animals was the income of the Israelites. That was a false premise that led to the false conclusion that Israelites tithed on their income. There is no example in the scriptures where God required anyone to tithe on income.

To make matters worse, the assets that God required to be tithed came from God, not man.  The crops and animals were miracles of God, or from God’s labor, not from the labor of man.  God wasn’t commanding to pay back to Him a tenth of what man created or earned.  The false conclusion that tithing was on income resulted in a complete misunderstanding of what God’s tithe was all about.

Church leaders have essentially diluted the tithe from God’s miracles to man’s achievements. In other words, in the tithing formula, man has replaced God with himself!

In the Book of Numbers, chapter 18, that we find the ordinance of tithing. To learn more, study the entire chapter.

Numbers 18:23 (KJV)

23But the Levites shall do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they shall bear their iniquity: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations, that among the children of Israel they have no inheritance.

24But the tithes of the children of Israel, which they offer as an heave offering unto the LORD, I have given to the Levites to inherit: therefore I have said unto them, Among the children of Israel they shall have no inheritance. 25And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

26Thus speak unto the Levites, and say unto them, When ye take of the children of Israel the tithes which I have given you from them for your inheritance, then ye shall offer up an heave offering of it for the LORD, even a tenth part of the tithe.

27And this your heave offering shall be reckoned unto you, as though it were the corn of the threshingfloor, and as the fulness of the winepress.

28Thus ye also shall offer an heave offering unto the LORD of all your tithes, which ye receive of the children of Israel; and ye shall give thereof the LORD’S heave offering to Aaron the priest.

So the tithes were paid to The Lord, and The Lord gave the tithes to the Levites, who in turn, would have no land inheritance; they could not own any land.

Nehemiah 10:37-38 (KJV)

37And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.

38And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house.

In Nehemiah 10:37 we learn that the firstfruits were taken to the temple for the priests, and the tithes were taken to the Levites who lived in the Levitical cities. Therefore, it has been established that firstfruits have nothing to do with the tithe.

In Nehemiah 10:38 we learn that the Levites would take a tithe of the tithe to the temple. It is this tithe, the tithe from the Levites, that went to the storehouse, not the tithe from the people.  This is important to remember when we study Malachi 3:10.

THE LEVITES

Levite – A descendant of the tribe of Levi.

The Levitical order consisted of all the descendants of Levi’s three sons, and Aaron and his descendents constituted the priestly order.

Numbers 3:11-13 (KJV)

11And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

12And I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be mine;

13Because all the firstborn are mine; for on the day that I smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast: mine shall they be: I am the LORD.

Numbers 4:46-49 (KJV)

46All those that were numbered of the Levites, whom Moses and Aaron and the chief of

Israel numbered, after their families, and after the house of their fathers,

47From thirty years old and upward even unto fifty years old, every one that came to do the service of the ministry, and the service of the burden in the tabernacle of the congregation,

48Even those that were numbered of them, were eight thousand and five hundred and fourscore.

49According to the commandment of the LORD they were numbered by the hand of Moses, every one according to his service, and according to his burden: thus were they numbered of him, as the LORD commanded Moses.

Numbers 8:5-8 (KJV)

5And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

6Take the Levites from among the children of Israel, and cleanse them.

7And thus shalt thou do unto them, to cleanse them: Sprinkle water of purifying upon them, and let them shave all their flesh, and let them wash their clothes, and so make themselves clean.

8Then let them take a young bullock with his meat offering, even fine flour mingled with oil, and another young bullock shalt thou take for a sin offering.

Numbers 8:23-26 (KJV)

23And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

24This is it that belongeth unto the Levites: from twenty and five years old and upward they shall go in to wait upon the service of the tabernacle of the congregation:

25And from the age of fifty years they shall cease waiting upon the service thereof, and shall serve no more:

26But shall minister with their brethren in the tabernacle of the congregation, to keep the charge, and shall do no service. Thus shalt thou do unto the Levites touching their charge.

Some say that today’s ministers or church workers have taken the place of the Levites and therefore can receive the tithe. But the scriptures are clear. The Word of God says that only male Levites could work in the temple, only after they had gone through a cleansing ritual, and only after they reach the age of 25, and not after they reach the age of 50.

Most preachers forget to tell you that the Levites lived in their cities and had farms in their suburbs.  It is true that the Levities could not inherit any of the land, but God commanded the other tribes to give the Levities a place to live and farm, rent-free.

Numbers 35:1-3 (KJV)

1And the LORD spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, 2Command the children of Israel, that they give unto the Levites of the inheritance of their possession cities to dwell in; and ye shall give also unto the Levites suburbs for the cities round about them.

3And the cities shall they have to dwell in; and the suburbs of them shall be for their cattle, and for their goods, and for all their beasts.

Joshua 21:1-8 (KJV)

1Then came near the heads of the fathers of the Levites unto Eleazar the priest, and unto Joshua the son of Nun, and unto the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel;

2And they spake unto them at Shiloh in the land of Canaan, saying, The LORD commanded by the hand of Moses to give us cities to dwell in, with the suburbs thereof for our cattle.

3And the children of Israel gave unto the Levites out of their inheritance, at the commandment of the LORD, these cities and their suburbs.

4And the lot came out for the families of the Kohathites: and the children of Aaron the priest, which were of the Levites, had by lot out of the tribe of Judah, and out of the tribe of Simeon, and out of the tribe of Benjamin, thirteen cities.

5And the rest of the children of Kohath had by lot out of the families of the tribe of Ephraim, and out of the tribe of Dan, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh, ten cities. 6And the children of Gershon had by lot out of the families of the tribe of Issachar, and out of the tribe of Asher, and out of the tribe of Naphtali, and out of the half tribe of Manasseh in Bashan, thirteen cities.

7The children of Merari by their families had out of the tribe of Reuben, and out of the tribe of Gad, and out of the tribe of Zebulun, twelve cities.

8And the children of Israel gave by lot unto the Levites these cities with their suburbs, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

Notice in Numbers 35:1-3 and Joshua 21:1-8 the Levites were given cities with their suburbs to live in and for their farms.

Closely related to the Levitical cities is the fact that both priests and Levites had been divided by King David into 24 courses consisting of several houses, or families, per course. See First Chronicles 24 for the priests and chapters 25 and 26 for the Levites. Each course only ministered in the Temple one week out of twenty four (1 in 24), and, depending on how many families were in each course, each family only ministered in the Temple two or three days during its courses’ week of ministry.1

1Should The Church Teach Tithing? by Russell Earl Kelly, Ph.D., page 92

MALACHI – ROBBING GOD

Many tithing teachers say that if you don’t bring a tithe of your gross income to the church you are robbing God. Let’s take a close look at the scripture.

Malachi 3:8-10 (KJV)

8Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee?

In tithes and offerings.

9Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.

10Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.

Who is being addressed in Malachi 3:8-10? Is it the people as the tithing teachers say, or is it the priests?

We need to study the entire Book of Malachi rather than take a few verses out of context. By the time we get to verse 6 in chapter 1, we see it is the priests that are being addressed at that point.

Malachi 1:6 (KJV)

6A son honoureth his father, and a servant his master: if then I be a father, where is mine honour? and if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the LORD of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. And ye say, Wherein have we despised thy name?

In both chapters 1 and 2 of Malachi there is a conversation going on between God and the priests. Every time the word “you” is used, it is referring to the priests. Chapter 3 continues with this conversation. In verse 5 God says “And I will come near to you to judgment…..”

In the Old Testament, during this period of time and generally speaking, only the priests could get near to God. It is only in the New Testament that born again believers, you and I, can get close to God. So up to chapter 3 verse 5, God is speaking to the priests. The word “you” is still referring to the priests. There is nothing in the scripture to indicate this changes when you get to verse 8. But that’s not all.

Malachi 1:14 (KJV)

14But cursed be the deceiver, which hath in his flock a male, and voweth, and sacrificeth unto the Lord a corrupt thing: for I am a great King, saith the LORD of hosts, and my name is dreadful among the heathen.

Numbers 18:29-30 (KJV)

29Out of all your gifts ye shall offer every heave offering of the LORD, of all the best thereof, even the hallowed part thereof out of it.

30Therefore thou shalt say unto them, When ye have heaved the best thereof from it, then it shall be counted unto the Levites as the increase of the threshingfloor, and as the increase of the winepress.

Numbers 18:29-30 show that the best part was to be used for the offering before the Lord.  Malachi 1:14 shows that the priests gave the worst of the tithe to God instead of the best. Thus we have the robbing God of offerings mentioned in Malachi 3:8.

Nehemiah 13:10 (KJV)

10And I perceived that the portions of the Levites had not been given them: for the Levites and the singers, that did the work, were fled every one to his field.

I believe this verse is telling us that the priests stole the Levites portion of the tithe; therefore, they had no food to eat at the temple, and they went back to their own fields. We must interpret this verse in this way because nowhere does it say that the priests had also left the temple. The priests had the food. Read chapter 13 of Nehemiah to get the complete picture.

So Malachi 1:14 shows the priests robbed God of the offerings, and Nehemiah 13:10 shows the priests robbed God of the tithes.

Next, in Malachi 3:10 God says to bring all the tithes to the storehouse. The people took the tithes to the Levites who lived in the Levitical cities, not to the temple. The Levites took the required tithe of the tithe to the temple.  (See Nehemiah 10:37-38)  Only those tithes ever made it to the temple. The priests then took those tithes to the storehouse. It only makes sense if God is speaking to the priests in this verse.

Therefore, I believe that the evidence shows that Malachi 3:8-10 is being addressed to the priests, not the people.

TRANSITION FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT TO THE NEW TESTAMENT

Matthew 26:26-28 (KJV)

26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

27And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave      it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

Jesus himself said “For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed…” Since the blood of Jesus hadn’t yet been shed, he was prophesying, or telling them what was to come.

Hebrews 9:16-17 (KJV)

16For where a testament is, there must also of necessity be the death of the testator. 17For a testament is of force after men are dead: otherwise it is of no strength at all while the testator liveth.

Therefore you must be careful when reading the four gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) as they took place during the Old Testament up until the death of Jesus. Jesus was born, lived, and died under the Old Testament. Jesus, Himself, was under the law. Jesus lived the law, taught the law, and prophesied that which was coming.

Hebrews 8:13 (KJV)

13In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE NEW TESTAMENT:

Colossians 2:13-17 (KJV)

13And you, being dead in your sins and the uncircumcision of your flesh, hath he quickened together with him, having forgiven you all trespasses;

14Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

15And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

16Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

17Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

This shows that the written code (the law) was cancelled. In Verse 16 this is repeated by

“do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, ………. or a Sabbath day.” Verse 17 explains that these laws were “a shadow of the things that were to come,” again showing that the laws were done away with. The word “shadow” was translated from the Greek word “skia” which means darkness of error.

Galatians 5:18 (KJV)

18But if ye be led of the Spirit, ye are not under the law.

Galatians 5:18 shows that the law is no longer needed. When you have the spirit to guide, and you have love in your heart, you are at a higher standard than any law. With love in your heart, you won’t want to kill, steal, etc. etc.

Hebrews 8:6, 7, 13 (KJV)

6But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises.

7For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second.

13In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.

The Old Covenant didn’t work. Tithing didn’t work. Tithing was part of the Old Covenant law that ended when Jesus died on the cross.

Galatians 3:19 (KJV)

19Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

Until the Seed to whom the promise referred had come. In other words, until Jesus came and fulfilled the law.

Galatians 3:23-25 (KJV)

23But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

24Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

25But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

Galatians 3:10-14 (KJV)

10For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

11But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. 13Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

14That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.

Matthew 23:23 (KJV)

23Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law, judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.

Many believe that Matthew 23:23 shows that tithing is still required in the New

Testament. This is a common mistake made by those who are confused as to when the New Testament begins. Jesus was speaking to the law keepers who were still under the Old Covenant law.

The Holy Bible is broken down into the Books of the Old Testament and the Books of the New Testament. Here’s where the confusion comes in. Too many people believe that the New Testament begins with the first book in the New Testament, which is the Book of Matthew. The fact is, the New Testament doesn’t begin until after Jesus died on the cross, which is near the end of Matthew. Matthew 23:23 is still the Old Testament.

Next I will show you, step by step, that tithing ended at the cross.  Some will say, if tithing ended, how is the Christian church supposed to be financed?  That topic will be covered later in this book.

SIX STEPS TO UNDERSTANDING WHEN AND HOW THE TITHE ENDED

STEP 1

Hebrews 7:5 (KJV)

5And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

Hebrews 7:5 confirms that Levi received tithes according to the law under the Levitical priesthood.

STEP 2

Hebrews 7:12 (KJV)

12For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

Hebrews 7:12 tells us changing the priesthood will also change the law.

STEP 3

Hebrews 7:18 (KJV)

18For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

Hebrews 7:18 verifies that the command to tithe was disannulled (canceled).

STEP 4

Ephesians 2:15 (KJV)

15Having abolished in his flesh the enmity, even the law of commandments contained in ordinances; for to make in himself of twain one new man, so making peace;

Colossians 2:14 (KJV)

14Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

Ephesians 2:15 and Colossians 2:14 confirm that the Old Testament laws were abolished; nailed to the cross.

STEP 5

Galatians 4:5 (KJV)

5To redeem them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons.

Galatians 4:5 tells us that Jesus redeemed those who were under the law.  Ephesians 2:15 and Colossians 2:14 above tell us how Jesus redeemed those under the law – by nailing the laws to the cross.

STEP 6

Galatians 3:10 (KJV)

10For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

Galatians 3:10 is telling us those who reject what Jesus did on the cross and continue to put themselves under the law are cursed by the law.  That verse also tells us those who put themselves under even one of the laws, are putting themselves under all of the laws written in the book.

OLD TESTAMENT SCRIPTURE COMPARED TO NEW TESTAMENT SCRIPTURE

Let’s compare Malachi 3:8-10 in the Old Testament to Galatians 3:10-13 in the New Testament.

Malachi 3:8-10 (KJV)

8Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee?

In tithes and offerings.

9Ye are cursed with a curse: for ye have robbed me, even this whole nation.

10Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the LORD of hosts, if I will not open you the windows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.

Galatians 3:10-13 (KJV)

10For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

11But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them. 13Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

In the Old Testament, the Israelites are told they are cursed with a curse for robbing God. In the New Testament, we are told that Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law.

Malachi says the Israelites were cursed for not obeying the commandments; the law. Galatians says those who continue the works of the law are under the curse, and that the law is not of faith.  Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by nailing the law to the cross.

OUTSIDE THE LAW – ABRAHAM’S TITHE

We previously studied Genesis 14:8-24. In this part, we are going to focus our attention on Genesis 14:20.

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

Genesis 14:20 (KJV)

20 And blessed H1288  be the most H5945  high H5945  God H410 , which H834  hath delivered H4042 thine enemies H6862  into thy hand H3027 . And he gave H5414  him tithes H4643  of all H3605.

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

H4643

From H6240; a tenth; especially a tithe:—tenth (part), tithe (-ing).

Notice the definition is strictly a tenth, or tenth part. Tithes in this verse is a mathematical term, not a religious term.

Now let’s look at the definition of gave:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

H5414

A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.):—add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull, put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up). + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, X willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield.

Note that the Hebrew word could have been translated into the word pay, but the King James Version chose the word give as being the most accurate translation. Abraham gave him tithes, not paid him tithes. There is nothing in the scriptures to indicated that Abraham was obligated, or required, to pay a tenth. This is very important as we will see later.

Abraham’s tithe is referenced in the New Testament in Hebrews:

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

Hebrews 7:2, 4 (KJV)

2 To whom G3739  also G2532  Abraham G11  gave a tenth G1181  part G3307  of all G3956 ; first G4412 being by interpretation G2059  King G935  of righteousness G1343 , and after G1899  that also G2532  King G935 of Salem G4532 , which G3739  is, King G935  of peace G1515;

4 Now G1161  consider G2334  how G4080  great G4080  this G3778  man was, unto whom G3739  even G2532 the patriarch G3966  Abraham G11  gave G1325  the tenth G1181  of the spoils G205.

Notice in verse 2 the  word gave is again used. In verse 3 the word gave is also used and is defined below:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

G1325

äßäùìé

A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection):—adventure, bestow, bring forth, commit, deliver (up), give, grant, hinder, make, minister, number, offer, have power, put, receive, set, shew, smite (+ with the hand), strike (+ with the palm of the hand), suffer, take, utter, yield.

Notice this time the word pay isn’t even an option. Hebrews 7:2 and 4 corroborate the use of the word gave in Genesis:14:20.

Now let’s look at the definition of the word tenth as used in both verses:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

G1181

äåêÜôç

Feminine of G1182; a tenth, that is, as a percentage or (technically) tithe:— tenth (part), tithe.

Again, the tenth is a mathematical term only.

Now let’s contrast the above to:

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

Hebrews 7:9 (KJV)

9 And as I may so G5613  say G2031-G2036 , Levi G3017  also G2532 , who G3588  receiveth G2983  tithes G1183, payed G1183  tithes G1183  in Abraham G11.

Notice is verse 9 the word payed tithes is used, not give tithes. Verse 9 is referring to the Levites paying the Levitical tithe, which was law. You pay to satisfy a debt. This is a major point in your studies. See the definition below:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

G1183 äåêáôüù

From G1181; to tithe, that is, to give or take a tenth:—pay (receive) tithes.

The King James Version chose the word payed in verse 9 as the most accurate translation.

At this point in our study, we learned that Abraham gave the tithe, and that the Levites paid the tithe. This will become even more clear later in this study.

OUTSIDE THE LAW – JACOB’S VOW TO TITHE

We previously studied Genesis 28:10-22. In this part, we are going to focus our attention on Genesis 28:22.

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance Genesis 28:22 (KJV)

22 And this H2063  stone H68 , which H834  I have set H7760  for a pillar H4676 , shall be God’sH430 house H1004 : and of all H3605  that thou shalt give H5414  me I will surely give the tenth H6237 unto thee.

Let’s look at the definition of the first give in this verse:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

H5414

A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.):—add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast, cause, charge, come, commit consider, count, + cry, deliver (up), direct, distribute do, X doubtless, X without fail, fasten, frame, X get, give (forth, over, up), grant, hang (up), X have, X indeed, lay (unto charge, up), (give) leave, lend, let (out), + lie, lift up, make, + O that, occupy, offer, ordain, pay, perform, place, pour, print, X pull, put (forth), recompense, render, requite, restore, send (out), set (forth), shew, shoot forth (up). + sing, + slander, strike, [sub-] mit, suffer, X surely, X take, thrust, trade, turn, utter, + weep, X willingly, + withdraw, + would (to) God, yield.

This is the same definition given for Abraham’s tithe in Genesis 14:20.

The phrase “surely give the tenth” is translated from:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

H6237

A primitive root (identical with H6238); to accumulate; but used only as denominative from H6235; to tithe, that is, take or give a tenth:— X surely, give (take) the tenth, (have, take) tithe (-ing, -s), X truly.

Again, the word give is used. Jacob’s vow to tithe was voluntary, not required.

MATTHEW 23:23

As we previously learned, Matthew 23:23 is referring to the law; therefore, it does not apply to the New Covenant, or Christian Church. But the verse is important as you will see below.

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance Matthew 23:23 (KJV)

23Woe    G3759  unto you, scribes G1122  and Pharisees G5330 , hypocrites G5273 ! for ye pay G586  titheG586 of mint G2238  and anise G432  and cummin G2951 , and have omitted G863  the weightier G926 matters of the law G3551 , judgment G2920 , mercy G1656 , and faith G4102 : these G5023  ought G1163 ye to have done G4160 , and not to leave G863  the other G2548 undone.

The phrase “pay tithe” comes from the Greek word and definition below:

Title:   Strongs Hebrew and Greek Dictionaries Author:   Strong, James (1822-1894)

G586

Pðïäåêáôüù

From G575 and G1183; to tithe (as debtor or creditor):—(give, pay, take) tithe.

In Matthew 23:23 Jesus is talking to the scribes and Pharisees regarding the Levitical tithe, or the Lord’s Tithe, the command to tithe; thus, this tithe was required by law. Notice Jesus says ye pay tithe, not give tithe. Notice the definition says to tithe as a debtor or creditor; in this case, you pay as the debtor. This is in sharp contrast to Abraham’s tithe, and Jacob’s vow to tithe, which were given, not paid.

To properly interpret these scriptures, we must pay strict attention to whether the Kings James Version has chosen the word give, or the word pay. We must honor the choice of words chosen by the Kings James Version of the Holy Bible if we are going to use it as the authoritative translation of the scriptures. We can’t substitute give for pay, or pay for give. It’s imperative that we interpret the scriptures as written, not as we think they should have been written.

THE OTHER TITHES

So far we have discussed the first tithe, or the Levitical tithe, in detail. This is the tithe churches use today to pattern their teaching after.  This tithe is also referred to as The Lord’s Tithe.

The second tithe is called the festival tithe, or the feast tithe. This tithe was brought once a year to the streets of Jerusalem during the three-annual feast, and it was eaten in the streets of Jerusalem by all the people, as a potluck, and they shared it with strangers and the Levites and the priests.

Deuteronomy 14:22-27 (KJV)

22Thou shalt truly tithe all the increase of thy seed, that the field bringeth forth year by year.

23And thou shalt eat before the LORD thy God, in the place which he shall choose to place his name there, the tithe of thy corn, of thy wine, and of thine oil, and the firstlings of thy herds and of thy flocks; that thou mayest learn to fear the LORD thy God always. 24And if the way be too long for thee, so that thou art not able to carry it; or if the place be too far from thee, which the LORD thy God shall choose to set his name there, when the LORD thy God hath blessed thee:

25Then shalt thou turn it into money, and bind up the money in thine hand, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose:

26And thou shalt bestow that money for whatsoever thy soul lusteth after, for oxen, or for sheep, or for wine, or for strong drink, or for whatsoever thy soul desireth: and thou shalt eat there before the LORD thy God, and thou shalt rejoice, thou, and thine household, 27And the Levite that is within thy gates; thou shalt not forsake him; for he hath no part nor inheritance with thee.

The second tithe is a ceremonial tithe and differs in that it consists of a tenth of the crops, and the firstborn of the herds and flocks. This tithe also proves they had markets and income since verses 24-26 say to exchange (sell) the items for money, and then use the money to buy the food and drink for the festival.

A third tithe is called the poor tithe, or the three-year tithe. Every third year the people were commanded to keep a third tithe at the homes of the individual Israelites, and they shared them with the poor and the Levites as they came around to their homes. Since this tithe is not a ceremonial tithe, why do tithing teachers ignore this tithe?

Deuteronomy 14:28-29 (KJV)

28At the end of three years thou shalt bring forth all the tithe of thine increase the same year, and shalt lay it up within thy gates:

29And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with thee,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within thy gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hand which thou doest.

Leviticus 25:3-7 (KJV)

3Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof;

4But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the LORD: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard.

5That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land.

6And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee, 7And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat.

According to the above, crops were not harvested and, therefore, could not be tithed every seventh year. Why do preachers ignore these verses in the Word of God?

Various kings and other leaders also instituted their own tithes and made them law.

CHURCH HISTORY OF TITHING

A study of church history will show that at some point, probably around the year 600, the churches brought back the teaching of tithing, but only as voluntary giving, and still just on the crops, herds, and flocks, right out of the Old Testament. Since they didn’t teach it as a “biblical tithe,” they were able to change the rules to make it fit the needs of the church. By the middle of the 13th century, the Church’s claim to tithes was extended to include the poultry of the yard and the cattle of the stall, to the catch of fish and the game of the forests. Had tithing in the Old Testament been on everything as some have claimed, there would have been no need to expand the definition.

My research shows that tithing was first taught and collected by churches in the United States during the second half of the 1800s. Had tithing always been required, why was it not until the late 1800s that the churches in the United States started collecting tithes? And even then, the teaching of tithing was not consistent between churches. It wasn’t until recent years that churches started teaching that you tithe on your income, or gross income.

My research shows that during the late 1800s some churches taught that men were to tithe a larger amount than women, that no tithing was required for those under the age of 18, and once you reached the age of 65 you no longer were required to tithe. At times tithing was based on the value of property owned. Those who didn’t own property didn’t tithe. They gave freewill offerings. In one case I found the church council members voted to change tithing to income because it would bring in 2.6 times as much money. The problem is, all this was taught as biblical.

In many cases, if not most, today’s tithing teacher is merely teaching was he/she was taught. Many who later do their own in-depth research have repented and no longer teach that tithing is required today.

Recommended reading:

IN PURSUIT OF THE ALMIGHT’S DOLLAR: A History of Money and American Protestantism by James Hudnut-Beumler.

A HISTORY OF TITHES by the Rev. Henry William Clarke, B.A.

HISTORY OF THE CHRISTIAN CHURCH by Philip Schaff.

CONCLUSION:

Abraham gave a free-will gift amounting to ten percent of the war spoils. There was no debtor-creditor relationship; therefore, it was free-will and not required. Jacob’s vow to tithe was also voluntary. There is nothing in the scriptures to indicate there was any obligation for either Abraham or Jacob to tithe. Therefore, if you bring either or both of these two examples forward into the New Testament, at most it only shows an example of free-will giving. But neither example supports spirit-lead giving as taught in the New Testament.

The definition of tithe in Matthew 23:23, relating to an obligation to tithe, is in sharp contrast to the definition of tithe in reference to Abraham and Jacob. The obligation to tithe creates a debtor-creditor relationship whereas merely giving a tenth (or tithe) is voluntary.  The obligation to tithe was part of the Mosaic Law.

The law of tithing ended at the cross.  The law, and everything associated with the law, including Malachi 3:7-10, do not apply to the Christian.  Nowhere in the New Testament is a tithe, or ten percent, used as being required, or even as being used as an example, guideline, goal to reach, or a starting point. The ten percent idea goes against New Testament teaching.

In the next section we will cover how the New Testament teaches the Christian Church is to be financed.

IN THE BEGINNING, GOD ESTABLISHED GIVING

God’s giving starts in the Book of Genesis when God created the heaven and the earth. God created man (and woman), and He gave man everything necessary to sustain life: air, water, food, raw materials for clothing, raw materials to build shelter, etc.  God gave man dominion over the earth (v. 1:26).

Genesis 1:29-30 (NIV)

29Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food.

30And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so.

Genesis 9:3 (NIV)

3Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything.

Deuteronomy 8:18 (NIV)

18But remember the LORD your God, for it is he who gives you the ability to produce wealth, and so confirms his covenant, which he swore to your forefathers, as it is today.

God gave us food, but we must harvest the crops.  God gave us cotton and other fibers but we must weave the fibers into our clothing.  God gave us the materials to make our shelter, but we must put the materials together. God gave us the ability to work in order to feed ourselves, clothe ourselves, and protect ourselves.

And if that wasn’t enough, God gave us His only son!

John 3:16 (KJV)

16For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

It’s important to understand why God gave His only begotten Son – because God so loved the world.  The motive was love.

After Jesus was crucified on the cross, rose from death, and ascended to heaven, God gave us the Holy Spirit.

Luke 11:13 (NIV)

13If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!”

From the beginning of time, God, through His love, established giving.

CHRISTIAN GIVING BEGINS WITH OURSELVES

2 Corinthians 8:1-5 (NIV)

1And now, brothers, we want you to know about the grace that God has given the Macedonian churches.

2Out of the most severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

3For I testify that they gave as much as they were able, and even beyond their ability.

Entirely on their own,

4they urgently pleaded with us for the privilege of sharing in this service to the saints. 5And they did not do as we expected, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us in keeping with God’s will.

Notice in verse 5, they gave themselves first to the Lord.  God wants us to put Him first in our lives.

Matthew 6:33 (NIV)

33But seek first his kingdom and his righteousness, and all these things will be given to you as well.

Matthew 6:24 (NIV)

24“No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money.

1 Timothy 6:10 (NIV)

10For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil. Some people, eager for money, have wandered from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs.

Matthew Henry says in his Concise Commentary of the Whole Bible, “He who holds to the world and loves it, must despise God; he who loves God, must give up the friendship of the world.”

In the next section of this book, I will show you how I believe God wants us to handle the money He has given to us.

WHAT GOD WANTS US TO DO WITH OUR MONEY

Many preachers teach that you should first give your money to God, and the way they say you can do this is to give it to the church.

There are two problems with the above statement.

1 Timothy 5:8 (NIV)

8If anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for his immediate family, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

In 1 Timothy 5:8 we are told to first provide for our immediate family and our relatives before providing for others.  In other words, we should provide for our needs, the needs of our immediate family, and the needs of relatives, before we give anything to the church.

Matthew 25:42-45 (NIV)

42For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,

43I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’

44“They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’

45“He will reply, ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’

In Matthew 25:42-45 Jesus tells us how to give to Him.  We are giving to The Lord when we feed the hungry, give to the poor, etc.  Nowhere in the scriptures does God say that when you give to the Christian Church you are giving to Him.

The scriptures do say how the Christian Church should be supported, and I will cover that in detail in this book.

PRINCIPLES OF GIVING

2 Corinthians 9:6-12 (NIV)

6Remember this: Whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows generously will also reap generously.

7Each man should give what he has decided in his heart to give, not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver.

8And God is able to make all grace abound to you, so that in all things at all times, having all that you need, you will abound in every good work.

9As it is written:

“He has scattered abroad his gifts to the poor; his righteousness endures forever.”

10Now he who supplies seed to the sower and bread for food will also supply and increase your store of seed and will enlarge the harvest of your righteousness.

11You will be made rich in every way so that you can be generous on every occasion, and through us your generosity will result in thanksgiving to God.

12This service that you perform is not only supplying the needs of God’s people but is also overflowing in many expressions of thanks to God.

The above seven verses give us many giving principles.  In verse 6 Paul uses an example of a farmer planting seed.  The farmer who plants few seeds will reap a small harvest. The farmer who plants many seeds will reap a larger harvest.  But Paul is really talking about Christian giving, not farming.  What Paul is saying is that those who give a little will reap a little, and those who give much will reap much.

If you plant seed to grow corn, you reap a harvest of corn.  Using this analogy, when we give money, we should reap a return of money.  However, God does not guarantee what our blessing will be.  God knows what we need, and we should trust Him to give us what we need at the time He knows is best.

In verse 7 we learn that God loves a cheerful giver, and that we should give according to our heart, not under compulsion.  This is the exact opposite of tithing.  Tithing was an exact amount and was required to be paid.  As a Christian, we give according to our heart.

1 Corinthians 16:1-4 (NIV)

1Now about the collection for God’s people: Do what I told the Galatian churches to do. 2On the first day of every week, each one of you should set aside a sum of money in keeping with his income, saving it up, so that when I come no collections will have to be made.

3Then, when I arrive, I will give letters of introduction to the men you approve and send them with your gift to Jerusalem.

4If it seems advisable for me to go also, they will accompany me.

In 1 Corinthians 16:2 we learn that we should give according to our income.  There is no set minimum or percentage to give.  The higher our income, the more we should give. Those will a small income are expected to give a small amount.

These principles apply not only to giving to a church, but for giving in general.  Since tithing ended at the cross, the Christian Church must be supported entirely by free-will gifts.  We find in the scriptures guidelines for this giving.

1 Corinthians 16:2 above, we see that Paul suggests setting aside a sum of money once each week for the collections.  The principle here is to be systematic.  Have a system where you give on a regular basis, whether that be weekly, biweekly, twice a month, or once a month.  You might want to time your giving with your paycheck.

The principle of proportional giving is also seen in verse 16.2 above.

2 Corinthians 8:1-5 (NIV)

1And now, brothers, we want you to know about the grace that God has given the Macedonian churches.

2Out of the most severe trial, their overflowing joy and their extreme poverty welled up in rich generosity.

3For I testify that they gave as much as they were able, and even beyond their ability.

Entirely on their own,

4they urgently pleaded with us for the privilege of sharing in this service to the saints. 5And they did not do as we expected, but they gave themselves first to the Lord and then to us in keeping with God’s will.

In 2 Corinthians 8:2-3 above we see the principle of generous giving as well as sacrificial giving.  Notice in verse 4 how they considered their giving a privilege.  And as we previously saw, in verse 5 they gave themselves first to the Lord.

Philippians 4:15-20 (NIV)

15Moreover, as you Philippians know, in the early days of your acquaintance with the gospel, when I set out from Macedonia, not one church shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving, except you only;

16for even when I was in Thessalonica, you sent me aid again and again when I was in need.

17Not that I am looking for a gift, but I am looking for what may be credited to your account.

18I have received full payment and even more; I am amply supplied, now that I have received from Epaphroditus the gifts you sent. They are a fragrant offering, an acceptable sacrifice, pleasing to God.

19And my God will meet all your needs according to his glorious riches in Christ Jesus. 20To our God and Father be glory for ever and ever. Amen.

In Philippians 4:16 we see the principle of giving where there is a need.  We should give generously to the needy as well as to the church we attend.

1 Corinthians 9:13-14 (NIV)

13Don’t you know that those who work in the temple get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in what is offered on the altar?

14In the same way, the Lord has commanded that those who preach the gospel should receive their living from the gospel.

Galatians 6:6 (NIV)

6Anyone who receives instruction in the word must share all good things with his instructor.

The preacher has a right to be paid.  Nowadays, church goers expect a building to worship in, seating, heating and air conditioning, a public address system, etc.  All this has to be paid for.  As a member or visitor of a local church, you have a moral obligation to pay your share, according to your means.  Without generous givers, the local church doors would have to close.

2 Corinthians 8:10-15 (NIV)

10And here is my advice about what is best for you in this matter: Last year you were the first not only to give but also to have the desire to do so.

11Now finish the work, so that your eager willingness to do it may be matched by your completion of it, according to your means.

12For if the willingness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has, not according to what he does not have.

13Our desire is not that others might be relieved while you are hard pressed, but that there might be equality.

14At the present time your plenty will supply what they need, so that in turn their plenty will supply what you need. Then there will be equality,

15as it is written: “He who gathered much did not have too much, and he who gathered little did not have too little.”

In 2 Corinthians 8:13-14 we see the principle of equality.  We should not give until we are hard pressed, but we should share with others who have needs.  Later, if we have needs, others will share with us.  Verse 15 shows the existence of equality.

2 Corinthians 8:9 (NIV)

9For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor, so that you through his poverty might become rich.

As Jesus died for the sins of others, believers should give out of love for the Lord.  Our motivation for giving should be love, and the giving of itself.  Believers are to give so that all needs are met.

WHAT ELSE THE SCRIPTURES TEACH ABOUT MONEY

1 Corinthians 6:9-10 (NIV)

9Do you not know that the wicked will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: Neither the sexually immoral nor idolaters nor adulterers nor male prostitutes nor homosexual offenders

10nor thieves nor the greedy nor drunkards nor slanderers nor swindlers will inherit the kingdom of God.

Notice how the above two verses include the greedy with the wicked, thieves, slanderers, swindlers, etc.  The Bible has much to say about the greedy.

Proverbs 15:27 (NIV)

27A greedy man brings trouble to his family, but he who hates bribes will live.

Proverbs 28:25 (NIV)

2[1]A greedy man stirs up dissension, but he who trusts in the LORD will prosper.

Matthew 23:25 (NIV)

[2][3]5“Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You clean the outside of the cup and dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence.

Luke 12:15 (NIV)

15Then he said to them,           “Watch out! Be on your guard against all kinds of greed; a man’s life does not consist in the abundance of his possessions.”

Ephesians 5:3 (NIV)

3But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of greed, because these are improper for God’s holy people.

Colossians 3:5 (NIV)

1 Chronicles 29:14 (NIV)

14“But who am I, and who are my people, that we should be able to give as generously as this? Everything comes from you, and we have given you only what comes from your hand.

2 Chronicles 31:5 (NIV)

5As soon as the order went out, the Israelites generously gave the firstfruits of their grain, new wine, oil and honey and all that the fields produced. They brought a great amount, a tithe of everything.

Psalm 37:21-22 (NIV)

21The wicked borrow and do not repay, but the righteous give generously;

22those the LORD blesses will inherit the land, but those he curses will be cut off.

Psalm 37:26 (NIV)

26They are always generous and lend freely; their children will be blessed.

Proverbs 11:25 (NIV)

25A generous man will prosper; he who refreshes others will himself be refreshed.

Proverbs 22:9 (NIV)

9A generous man will himself be blessed, for he shares his food with the poor.

Acts 10:2 (NIV)

2He and all his family were devout and God-fearing; he gave generously to those in need and prayed to God regularly.

1 Timothy 6:18-19 (NIV)

18Command them to do good, to be rich in good deeds, and to be generous and willing to share.

19In this way they will lay up treasure for themselves as a firm foundation for the coming age, so that they may take hold of the life that is truly life.

God gave us the Holy Spirit.  We should pray and ask the Spirit to guide us in our giving.

WHEN AND HOW SHOULD WE GIVE

Give in secret, and God will reward you.

Matthew 6:2-4 (NIV)

2“So when you give to the needy, do not announce it with trumpets, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be honored by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full.

3But when you give to the needy, do not let your left hand know what your right hand is doing,

4so that your giving may be in secret. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you.

Give to the one who asks you.

Matthew 5:42 (NIV)

42Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Help suffering Christians who are poor, sick, or persecuted. This is a test of the genuineness of our faith.

Matthew 25:31-46 (NIV)

31“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory.

32All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats. 33He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.

34“Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.

35For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,

36I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.’

37“Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink?

38When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you?

39When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?’

40“The King will reply, ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.’

41“Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.

42For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,

43I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’

44“They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’

45“He will reply, ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’

46“Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”

Those who have an abundance should share with those who have nothing.

Luke 3:11 (NIV)

11John answered, “The man with two tunics should share with him who has none, and the one who has food should do the same.”

Give, and it will be given to you.

Luke 6:38 (NIV)

38Give, and it will be given to you. A good measure, pressed down, shaken together and running over, will be poured into your lap. For with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.”

And the list of verses goes on and on……

Be compassionate to the poor and sick. Luke 16:19-31.

Giving generously to the poor is genuine worship of the Lord. Luke 19:8.

Share everything we have with fellow believers who are in need. Acts 4:32-35.

Help widows and orphans in distress. Acts 6:1; James 1:27.

It is more blessed to give than to receive. Acts 20:35.

Share with God’s people who are in need. Rom 12:13.

If your enemy is hungry, feed him. Rom 12:20.

Love must be at the foundation of our giving. 1 Cor 13:3.

Giving is a result of the grace of God. 2 Cor 8:1.

Even if poor, be rich in generosity. 2 Cor 8:2.

Give as much as you are able. 2 Cor 8:3.

Be the first to give. 2 Cor 8:10.

There should be a goal of sharing of burdens between believers. 2 Cor 8:13.

I believe that God is more concerned with how much we keep for ourselves than He is with how much we give.  Some will argue that our giving should be more like the “graduated income tax” in that the more money one makes, the higher percentage he or she should give.

SOME FINAL THOUGHTS ON GIVING

We should consider giving a privilege of distributing a part of what God has given to us. Giving shows our appreciation to God for His generosity.

Giving to the local church you attend is a moral obligation.  Bills have to be paid, and it is the responsibility of those benefiting to pay their share, according to their means. Therefore, those who are able should pay more to cover the deficit created by those less fortunate.  When God blesses with more than we need, God expects us to use the excess to share with others – to bless others.

Should you buy a big-screen television while your neighbors go hungry?  You might say, but I worked hard to get that television.  If your neighbors are lazy and do not work, let them be hungry, as 2 Thessalonians 3:10 says “If a man will not work, he shall not eat.” But if your neighbors are working the best they know how, is it not your responsibility to share your abundance?

I believe when it’s all said and done, it comes down to greed verses generosity.


[1] Put to death, therefore, whatever belongs to your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires and greed, which is idolatry.

1 Peter 5:2 (NIV)

[2] Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers—not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not greedy for money, but eager to serve;

Those are just some of the verses dealing with greed.  Now let’s look at a few verses dealing with generosity.

Deuteronomy 15:10 (NIV)

[3] Give generously to him and do so without a grudging heart; then because of this the

LORD your God will bless you in all your work and in everything you put your hand to.

*Used by permission of the author

Let’s Do the Twist
by Ronald W Robey
(written September 15, 2019)

Argument: “Because you are against tithing, you twist God’s word in order to justify your greed.”

Rebuttal: I twist God’s word? Please demonstrate how I am twisting God’s word?

1. Leviticus 27:30,32 says God’s commanded tithe is to be agricultural crops, flocks, and herds. I agree with that.

2. Leviticus 27:34 reveals that the command to tithe was given to the children of Israel. I agree with that.

3. Numbers 18:21, Deuteronomy 14:27-29, and Deuteronomy 26:12-17 say that God’s commanded tithe is to be given to Levites, widows, orphans, and strangers in the land of Canaan. I agree with that.

4. Numbers 18:21-26 reveals that the Levitic tribe was to recieve tithes from the children of Israel for their service at the Tabernacle. (note that the passage does not say they are to receive tithes AT the Tabernacle) I agree with that.

5. Deuteronomy 12:10-11 says that God’s tithe was to be taken to the place where God chose to place His name. I agree with that.

6. 2 Chronicles 6:5-6 says that the place God chose to place His name is Jerusalem. I agree with that.

7. 1 Kings 6 reveals that the storehouse where God’s tithe was to be kept was in Jerusalem. I agree with that.

8. Malachi 1:1,6-7;2:1 reveal that Malachi is addressing the corrupt Priest of Israel. I agree with that.

9. Malachi 3:7 reveals that Malachi is calling for a return to God’s ordinaces. I agree with that. (commands written in God’s tithe ordinance are listed in points 1-4 above)

Given the fact that Malachi was calling for a return to God’s ordinances, and that God’s tithe ordinance said that

a) Malachi is speaking to the corrupt of Israel
b) Malachi is calling for a return to the ordinacnes of God

Malachi 3:10 cannot be saying that God requires you to give Him a tenth of your monetary income…a monetary tithe requirement is nowhere ot be found in God’s tithe ordinance.

It is clear that I am not the one guilty of “twisting God’s word.” Rather, it is those preachers who use Malachi 3:10 as proof-text of a monetary tithe requirement for all Christians worldwide…they are the ones that are guilty of twisting God’s word. A monetary requirement is a total misrepresentation and twisting of what God’s tithe ordinance says. A monetary tithe requirement is a total distortion of what Malachi was instucting in Malachi 3:10..

Years ago, Chubby Checker sang a song titled, “Let’s Do the Twist.” Perhaps “Let’s Do the Twist” would be an appropriate song to play and sing during the Offertory time at these monetary tithe requirement teaching religious institutions

What Did Jacob Vow?
by Ronald W Robey
(written December 12, 2019)

Jacob’s vow was in response to what God told Jacob that He would give to Jacob and his descendants in verses 12-15….the land of Canaan.

Rightly dividing the word of truth will reveal that Jacob was vowing the tenth of the land of Canaan. And what does God tell Jacob’s descendants concering the tithe? Did God not refer to it as “the tithe of the land”?

Leviticus 27:30 And all THE TITHE OF THE LAND, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

Yes, He did. And God said that the tithe of the land was “holy unto the LORD,” did He not?

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the LORD’S: IT IS HOLY UNTO THE LORD.

Yes, He did. The word “holy” means “set apart.” But, why did God say the tithe of the land was “holy”? Because of Jacob’s vow.

Genesis 28:20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on,
Genesis 28:21 So that I come again to my father’s house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God:
Genesis 28:22 And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God’s house: and OF ALL THAT THOU SHALT GIVE ME I WILL SURELY GIVE THE TENTH UNTO THEE.

The tithe of the land was set apart by Jacob’s vow. But, how do we know that Jacob was speaking of the land of Canaan?

1. The vow was in response to God telling Jacob that He was giving the land of Canaan to Jacob and his descendants.

Genesis 28:12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
Genesis 28:13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: THE LAND WHEREON THOU LIEST, TO THEE I WILL GIVE IT, AND TO THY SEED;
Genesis 28:14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
Genesis 28:15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of.

2. God said that the tithe He required was to be observed only after Jacob’s descendants entered the land of Canaan to live there as citizens of the land.

Deuteronomy 12:10 But WHEN YE GO OVER JORDAN, AND DWELL IN THE LAND WHICH THE LORD YOUR GOD GIVETH YOU TO INHERIT, and when he giveth you rest from all your enemies round about, so that ye dwell in safety;
Deuteronomy 12:11 THEN THERE SHALL BE A PLACE which the LORD your God shall choose to cause his name to dwell there; THITHER SHALL YE BRING ALL THAT I COMMAND YOU; your burnt offerings, and your sacrifices, YOUR TITHES, and the heave offering of your hand, and all your choice vows which ye vow unto the LORD:

3. God knows the heart of man and understood Jacob’s vow to mean that Jacob would give the tithe of the land of Canaan back to God.

Luke 16:15 And he said unto them, Ye are they which justify yourselves before men; but GOD KNOWETH YOUR HEARTS: for that which is highly esteemed among men is abomination in the sight of God.

And what does God said that “the tithe of the land” is?

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of THE SEED OF THE LAND, or of THE FRUIT OF THE TREE, is the LORD’S: it is holy unto the LORD.

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